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OSHA Puts Employers with Highest Staff Injury and Illness Rates on Notice of Inspections

OSHA Puts Employers with Highest Staff Injury and Illness Rates on Notice of Inspections
  • June 25, 2000

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has put about 13,000 employers across the country on notice that they must remediate the safety and health hazards that are driving up injury and illness rates in their workplaces. The Agency announced that up to 4,200 of these workplaces may be targeted for comprehensive inspections by OSHA over the next ten months.

Unlike last year's enforcement plan, under this initiative all nursing homes with a rate at or above 14.0 injuries and illnesses resulting in lost work days per 100 full-time employees will be inspected. Only the highest 20 percent of those establishments were included last year, since nursing homes were grouped with three related industries that inflated the list. OSHA says it expects all workplaces targeted under this plan will be inspected by Jan. 31, 2001.

Based on data reported by employers from 80,000 worksites in 1998, OSHA has identified the highest lost workday injury and illness rates. Those on the list had eight or more injuries and illnesses resulting in lost work days for every 100 full-time workers. The national average was three instances per 100 workers.

Employers identified in the survey were notified by letter which included copies of their own injury and illness data, as well as a list of the citations most frequently issued for violations of OSHA standards in the health care industry.

Most Frequently Cited Standards in the Health Care Industry

Not surprisingly, the bloodborne pathogens standard tops the list of the most frequently cited OSHA standards for health care facilities. What follows, however, is not so expected. We have reprinted the list of most frequently cited standards for the latest reporting period, October 1, 1998 through September 30, 1999. It details the number of individual citations, the number of inspections, and the dollar amount of the penalties for each violation (by OSHA classification number and description).

Standard =Totals=
# Cited 1879
# of Inspections 390
$$ Penalty - $592,168.10
Description
19101030
363
139
178599.00
Bloodborne Pathogens
19100305
187
104
37404.60
Electrical, Wiring Methods, Components & Equip.
19100147
118
83
28645.50
Control of Hazardous Energy, Lockout/Tagout
19100303
118
87
38841.00
Electrical Systems Design, General Requirements
19101200
118
71
11768.00
Hazard Communication
19100304
104
80
39139.90
Electrical, Wiring Design & Protection
19100151
87
87
38012.00
Medical Services & First Aid
19040002
84
80
24260.00
Log & Summary of Occupational Injuries & Illnesses
19100037
79
53
14047.50
Means of Egress, General
19100212
74
73
41181.35
Machines, General Requirements
19100132
66
54
15852.50
Personal Protective Equipment, General Requirements
19100215
47
30
20117.50
Abrasive Wheel Machinery
19100333
39
30
6332.50
Electrical, Selection & Use of Work Practice
19100213
27
12
12266.25
Woodworking Machinery Requirements
19100022
26
22
6711.60
Walking-Working Surfaces, General Requirements
19100133
26
24
9365.30
Eye & Face Protection
19100219
25
15
3609.75
Machanical Power - Transmission Apparatus
19101020
25
12
200.00
Access to employees' exposure and medical records
19100157
20
18
895.00
Portable Fire Extinguishers
19100134
19
15
3780.00
Respiratory Protection
19100023
18
16
6892.75
Guarding Floor & Wall Openings & Holes
19101001
17
10
5250.00
Asbestos Tremolite, Anthophyllite & Actinolite
19100106
16
14
2950.00
Flammable & Combustible Liquids
19100146
15
8
2593.75
Permit-Required Confined Spaces
19100141
13
9
1100.00
Sanitation
19040004
12
12
0.00
Supplementary Record
19040005
12
7
1800.00
Annual Summary, Occupational Injuries & Illnesses
19100138
11
10
3677.00
Hand Protection
19100253
11
8
2226.00
Oxygen - Fuel Gas Welding & Cutting
19100036
10
10
4908.00
Means of Egress, General Requirements
19261101
10
3
6250.00
Asbestos
19100038
9
8
850.00
Employee Emergency Plans & Fire Prevention Plans
19100101
9
9
3430.00
Compressed Gases, General Requirements
19100110
7
5
2215.00
Storage & Handling of Liquified Petroleum Gases
19100334
7
7
478.00
Electrical, Use of Equipment
19101025
7
4
1100.50
Lead
19100024
5
3
2031.25
Fixed Industrial Stairs
19100139
5
2
2325.00
 
19100242
5
5
2130.60
Hand & Portable Powered Tools & Equipment, General
19100176
4
4
750.00
Materials Handling, General
19100332
4
4
2550.00
Electrical, Training
5A0001
2
2
2400.00
General Duty Clause (Section of OSHA Act)
19040006
2
2
0.00
Retention of Records
19040007
2
2
0.00
Access to Records
19100025
2
2
0.00
Portable Wood Ladders
19101052
2
1
0.00
Methylene Chloride
19100027
1
1
500.00
Fixed Ladders
19100102
1
1
900.00
Acetylene
19100145
1
1
0.00
Specifications, Accident Prevention Signs & Tips
19100159
1
1
0.00
Automatic Sprinkler Systems
19100264
1
1
956.00
Laundry Machinery & Operations
19100306
1
1
875.00
Specific Purpose Electrical Equip. & Installations
19100335
1
1
0.00
Electrical, Safeguards for Personnel Protection
19101027
1
1
0.00
Cadmium
19260405
1
1
0.00
Electrical Wiring Methods, Components & Equipment, General Use
19600008
1
1
0.00
Agency Responsibilities

Editors Note: 

The Jackson Lewis OSHA practice group is available to assist employers with compliance strategies, as well as self audits, agency inspections, and citations.


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