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Legal Update Article

New Ohio Law Restricts Ability of Public Schools, Colleges to Mandate COVID-19 Vaccinations

Public schools and universities are barred from requiring vaccines that have not received full U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval under Ohio House Bill 244 (HB 244), signed by Governor Mike DeWine on July 14, 2021. The new law goes into effect on October 13, 2021.

The three COVID-19 vaccines currently available in the U.S. were approved through an emergency use authorization (EUA), and do not have the FDA’s full approval as of this writing. Accordingly, unless the FDA grants full approval for any of the vaccines before the law’s effective date, Ohio public schools and state higher educational institutions will be prohibited from requiring COVID-19 vaccines until those vaccines get the FDA’s full approval.


The new law also prohibits public schools and state universities from “[d]iscriminating against an individual who has not received a vaccine (that has not received full FDA approval) … including by requiring the individual to engage in or refrain from engaging in activities or precautions that differ from the activities or precautions of an individual who has received such a vaccine.”

Public schools and universities, therefore, cannot keep unvaccinated students or employees from any activities open to vaccinated individuals or require unvaccinated individuals to adhere to protocols, presumably, such as social distancing or wearing facial coverings, unless those protocols also apply to vaccinated individuals.

Private Institutions; Exemptions

Private schools and universities are not covered under HB 244 and the law exempts hospitals or other healthcare facilities owned or operated by, or affiliated with, a state higher education institution.

If you have questions or need assistance, please reach out to the Jackson Lewis attorney with whom you regularly work, or any member of our COVID-19 team.

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