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Fitness Industry Legal Update – Winter 2018

By Michelle E. Phillips
  • December 20, 2018

The increasing number of legislation on public accommodation and transgender restrooms has affected several industries. In the fitness industry, it is important for gyms and fitness clubs and facilities to adopt transgender-inclusive policies that permit transgender club members and employees to use restrooms and locker rooms assigned based on their gender expression. This would set the standard for employees and club members and send a message that the club promotes a respectful and inclusive workplace.

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) have issued guidance regarding restroom accommodations, which apply equally to locker room accommodations.

Model Practices for Restroom Access for Transgender Employees

Many companies have implemented written policies to ensure that all employees (including transgender employees) have prompt access to appropriate sanitary facilities. It is important that employers apply transgender-inclusive policies equally to club members. The core belief underlying these policies is that all employees and club members should be permitted to use the facilities that correspond with their gender identity. For example, a person who identifies as a man should be permitted to use men’s restrooms, and a person who identifies as a woman should be permitted to use women’s restrooms. The employee or club member should determine the most appropriate and safest option for himself or herself.

The best policies also provide additional options, which employees or club members may choose, but are not required, to use. These include:

  • Single-occupancy, gender-neutral (unisex) facilities; and
  • Multiple-occupant, gender-neutral restroom facilities with lockable single-occupant stalls.

Regardless of the physical layout of a worksite, all employers need to find solutions that are safe and convenient and respectful of transgender employees and club members.

EEOC Decisions

In Macy v. Dep’t of Justice, EEOC Appeal No. 0120120821, 2012 WL 1435995 (Apr. 12, 2012), the EEOC ruled in a federal sector appellate case that discrimination based on transgender status is sex discrimination in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. In Lusardi v. Dep’t of the Army, EEOC Appeal No. 0120133395, 2015 WL 1607756 (Mar. 27, 2015), also a federal sector appeal, the EEOC held that:

  1. A federal agency that denied an employee equal access to a common bathroom or facility corresponding to the employee’s gender identity discriminated on the basis of sex; and
  2. The agency could not avoid the requirement to provide equal access to a common bathroom or facility by restricting a transgender employee to a single-user restroom instead (though the employer can make a single-user restroom available to all employees who might choose to use it).


Please contact the Jackson Lewis attorney with whom you regularly work if you have any questions or would like to further discuss the best options for inclusive fitness club policies, gender transition plans, or LGTBQ training for employees or club members.

Delonie Plummer, in our White Plains office, contributed to this article.

©2018 Jackson Lewis P.C. This Update is provided for informational purposes only. It is not intended as legal advice nor does it create an attorney/client relationship between Jackson Lewis and any readers or recipients. Readers should consult counsel of their own choosing to discuss how these matters relate to their individual circumstances. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the express written consent of Jackson Lewis.

This Update may be considered attorney advertising in some states. Furthermore, prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome.

Jackson Lewis P.C. represents management exclusively in workplace law and related litigation. Our attorneys are available to assist employers in their compliance efforts and to represent employers in matters before state and federal courts and administrative agencies. For more information, please contact the attorney(s) listed or the Jackson Lewis attorney with whom you regularly work.

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